SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer. SSL Certificate is a globally used security technology which enables communication encrypting between a web browser and a web server. Now a days it’s being utilized by millions of online businesses and individuals over the internet to decrease the risk of sensitive information (e.g., credit card numbers, usernames, passwords, emails, etc.) from being stolen or tampered with by thousands of hackers and identity thieves on the web. In a sentence, SSL allows a private & secure connection just between the two intended parties.
To create this secure connection, an SSL certificate (also referred to as a “digital certificate”) is installed on a web server and serves two functions:
- It authenticates the identity of the website (this guarantees visitors that they’re not on a bogus site)
- It encrypts the data that’s being transmitted